- Association with peers
- Community resources
- Educational and career aspirations
- Feelings of depression
- Management practices
- Motivation and engagement
- Nutrition and physical activity
- Pedagogical and educational practices
- School climate
- School performance in reading, writing and mathematics
- Self-control and social and behavioural conduct
- Student/teacher relationship
- Support for students having difficulty
- The determinants of school perseverance
- Tobacco, alcohol and drugs
- Value placed on education and parental involvement
- Work/school balance
Where students live has an effect on their development. Children tend to conform to the characteristics they see around them and to adopt the behavioural models—whether positive or negative—of their immediate surroundings. Children and youth living in poorer neighbourhoods are more at risk of having trouble with the requirements of school, and dropouts are more likely to come from these neighbourhoods. Living in a neighbourhood with strong social cohesion has a positive effect on children’s performance at school.
Courses of effective action
- Put in place activities that help to integrate families into neighbourhood life.
- Organize initiatives at schools or daycares in which families and community organizations take part.
- Organize activities to facilitate the various personal and educational transitions of youth in the neighbourhood.
- Put in place an outreach system to get in touch with families who are hard to reach or to identify new families.
- Put in place child stimulation activities for parents.
School perseverance at a glance
of Montreal students obtain a diploma.
A 12.1% improvement since 2009.
of Montreal youth drop out before graduating.
A 6.6% improvement since 2009.
of Québec dropouts are in Montreal.
This represents 2,080 Montreal youth who left school without graduating in 2015.
of Montreal kindergarten students are vulnerable in at least one developmental domain.
This is higher than the Québec average of 25.6%.
of Québec elementary students living in the most underprivileged conditions are in Montreal.
An average of 25,245 Montreal families with a child under the age of 18 live in a highly underprivileged area.
(Target for the Montreal region, students aged 20 and under)