School climate

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Young people spend most of their days in school. School climate is a collective representation that people form of their lives at school. Its components include interpersonal relationships, teaching and learning, safety, physical environment, and sense of belonging. Establishing and maintaining a positive school climate are linked with better academic and social learning, better grades, higher graduation rates, and greater stability of school staff. The quality of school climate is a shared responsibility, one that falls to the school’s staff but also to students, parents, and the community at large.

Courses of effective action

  • Develop and maintain harmonious relationships among people at the school and in the community.
  • Ensure high-quality teaching and learning.
  • Ensure that there is a climate of physical, material, and psychological safety and justice in and around the school.
  • Provide a clean, attractive, and pleasant environment, along with suitable materials for students and for community members who frequent the school.
  • Develop a sense of belonging to the school among students and the community.

School perseverance at a glance

  • 79.8%

    of Montreal students obtain a diploma.

    A 12.1% improvement since 2009.

  • 18%

    of Montreal youth drop out before graduating.

    A 6.6% improvement since 2009.

  • 26%

    of Québec dropouts are in Montreal.

    This represents 2,080 Montreal youth who left school without graduating in 2015.

  • 28.9%

    of Montreal kindergarten students are vulnerable in at least one developmental domain.

    This is higher than the Québec average of 25.6%.

  • 84%

    of Québec elementary students living in the most underprivileged conditions are in Montreal.

    An average of 25,245 Montreal families with a child under the age of 18 live in a highly underprivileged area.

Government graduation-rate target for 2020


(Target for the Montreal region, students aged 20 and under)